Gussenbauer, Carl, b. Obervellach (Carinthia), Oct. 30, 1842, d. Vienna, June 19, 1903, surgeon. University professor in Liège, Prague and Vienna, succeeded T. Billroth as head of the 2nd Surgical University Clinic in 1894, developed new surgical methods (large intestine) and instruments; the first effective artificial larynx. As a mountaineer G. was one of the first to explore many areas in the Hohe Tauern mountains, the Schober and the Reichenspitz mountain groups.
Literature#K. Sablik, C. G., 1978.