Art Universities (Kunstuniversitaeten) are institutions of higher learning devoted to the various arts. In Austria there are the Akademie der bildenden Kuenste in Vienna and another five art universities: The Universitaet fuer angewandte Kunst</I>(University of Applied Art) in Vienna was founded by the "Oesterreichisches Museum fuer Kunst und Industrie" in 1867 as a school of arts and crafts and won great renown thanks to R. Eitelberger and outstanding teachers such as J. Hoffmann, K. Moser and A. Roller. In the period 1941-45 it was called "Reichshochschule fuer angewandte Kunst", and in 1948 taken over by the Austrian state as an academy, raised to the rank of Hochschule in 1970 and university in 1998. The Universitaet fuer kuenstlerische und industrielle Gestaltung (University of Art and Industrial Design) in Linz was founded as the School of Art of the City of Linz in 1947, made a Hochschule under federal control in 1973 and made a university in 1998. These two universities offer the following courses of study: architecture, sculpture, art education, industrial design, painting and graphic arts, textile working and design, visual media art, handicraft instruction; additionally, the university in Vienna runs courses for stage design, fashions, product design, restoration and conservation, while Linz offers courses on ceramic, metal and textile working.
Universitaeten fuer Musik und darstellende Kunst (Universities of Music and the Performing Arts): In Grazoriginally founded in 1816 as a school of music established by the Musikverein fuer Steiermark, made a conservatory in 1920 (authorised to issue diplomas in 1927), 1939-45 "Staatliche Hochschule fuer Musikerziehung", then Provincial Conservatory (with a seminar for music education, 1948), State Academy in 1963, Hochschule in 1970 and university since 1998; branch institute at Oberschuetzen, Burgenland, since 1965. In Salzburg the university developed from the "Mozarteum" school of music (founded by the Salzburg Cathedral Music Association in 1841); supported by the "Internationale Mozarteumstiftung" society (founded in 1870), which strongly advocated establishment as a Hochschule. Public music school from 1880, converted into a conservatory in 1914, passed into federal hands in 1922, "Reichshochschule fuer Musik Mozarteum" from 1939 to 1945, reorganised as a conservatory in 1948, became the state-controlled "Akademie fuer Musik und darstellende Kunst Mozarteum" in 1953, made a Hochschule in 1970 and a university in 1998. Since 1981 the university has also operated a Department of Music Education in Innsbruck. In Vienna, a forerunner of the present institution was founded in 1817, when the "Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde des oesterreichischen Kaiserstaates" initiated the establishment of a conservatory, which was gradually enlarged and taken over by the state authorities as an academy in 1909. After an interlude as "Reichshochschule fuer Musik" (1939-45), it became a Hochschule in 1970 and a university in 1998. These three Universities of Music and Performing Arts offer the following courses of study: bass tuba, bassoon, Catholic church music, clarinet, composition and music theory, conducting, double bass, guitar, harp, harpsichord, horn, instrumental and vocal pedagogy, instrumental music teaching, music education, oboe, organ, percussion instruments, piano, piano chamber music, piano accompanying, Protestant church music, recorder, saxophone, singing, transverse flute, trombone, trumpet, viola, violin, violoncello, voice, as well as all subjects in the field of drama and performing arts; in addition, the Graz University of Music and the Performing Arts teaches stage design and jazz; Salzburg also offers courses in art and craft education, stage design, painting and graphic arts, music and movement education, textile design and working, handicraft education; the Vienna University of Music and the Performing Arts also offers courses in image technology, camera, script production, dramaturgy, production, direction, editing and sound engineering at its Film Academy, as well as music and movement education, and music theatre stage direction.