Mistelbach, Lower Austria, town in the district of Mistelbach, alt. 190 m, pop. 10,234, area 131.25 km2, trade centre, traffic junction and school centre near the mouth of the Mistelbach stream into the Zaya river, in the north-eastern part of the Weinviertel region. - District commission, local court, employment services, office of weights, measures and surveying, Bolfras Barracks, federal vintner's inspectorate, hospital, economic chamber, chamber of labour, local chamber of agriculture, local health and insurance agency, psychosocial centre, centre for marriage, family and life counselling of the Archdiocese of Vienna, Kolpinghaus centre, sports centre, public adventure bath, artificial skating rink, centre for adult and extra-curricular education (Volkshochschule), town library, several types of secondary schools like Bundes-Oberstufen-Realgymnasium, Handelsakademie (commercial academy), Fachschule (college) for economic professions, federal school (Bundesanstalt) for kindergarten paedagogics, vocational school, agricultural Fachschule (college), nursing school, school for medico-technical professions (Schule fuer den medizinisch-technischen Fachdienst), foreign-language school (private); service sector dominates, with about 81 % of 4,475 persons employed (1991): especially personal, social and public services (hospital is the main employer in the district); production sector: farm equipment factory, wood processing industry. - First documented mention around 1125-1130, status of a town since 1874. Late Gothic parish church with south tower, upper floors adapted in Baroque style, Baroque high altar (1735); cemetery with defensive wall; 1719 St. Catharine chapel converted in Baroque style (former Romanesque round charnel house, early 13th century); parsonage (former provostry, 1687-1700) with ceiling fresco (1760) by M. A. Maulbertsch in the library, beneficiary house (end of 15th century); small palace (1724-1742; town hall (1901); Trinity column (1680).
Literature#Heimatbuch des Verwaltungsbez. Mistelbach, 2 vols., 1958/59; H. Mitscha-Maerheim, Mistelbachs Geschichte, vol. 1, 1974; Oesterr. Staedtebuch, vol. IV, part 2, Die Staedte Niederoesterreichs, 1976.