b. Vienna, Sept. 3, 1905, d. Vienna, Sept. 19, 1983, teacher and politician (Austrian Socialist Party, SPOe). 1934 imprisoned and during the Nazi regime politically persecuted. From 1945-1971 member of the Nationalrat, 1950-1957 deputy leader of the SPOe in the province of Vienna, 1957-1967 federal party chairman of the Sozialdemokratische Partei Oesterreichs (Austrian Socialist Party), 1956-1970 chairman of the SPOe parliamentary group, 1964-1976 President of Socialist International. 1957-1966 Vice-chancellor, 1959-1966 in charge of planning in the nationalised industries. Played a key role in the fall of F. Olah and in reconciling the SPOe with the Catholic Church and with former opponents from the period between the wars.
Literature#W. Maderthaner (ed.), B. P. Ein Portrait, 1995.