Judge (German: Richter), officer of state in a law court ( Jurisdiction and Administration of Justice), responsible for the administration of justice in civil and criminal matters. According to the Austrian Constitution (Article 87 and 88 of the Federal Constitution Act) judges are independent in the exercise of their office and can be neither removed nor transferred. As stipulated in the Richter-Dienstgesetz Federal Law Gazette 1961/305, judges are trained in the law and employed by the state. All Austrian judges are members of the Austrian Association of Judges (Richter-Vereinigung), which was founded in 1907. In 2000, the number of judges employed in Austria amounted to 1,700.
Literature#W. Rechberger and D. Simotta, Grundriss des oesterreichischen Zivilprozessrechts (Erkenntnisverfahren), 52000.