Knights´ Academies, educational institutions for the Austrian nobility; based on western-European models with ambitious curricula designed to prepare pupils for leading positions in the administration, at court and in the armed forces (partly in cooperation with the University). Knights´ Academies were not very popular because of the high costs. Knights´ Academies existed in Vienna (Academia, 1682-1749; Collegium Theresianum, from 1746; Loewenburgsches Konvikt, from 1748; Savoyan Knights´ Academy, 1749); Salzburg (Collegium Virgilianum, 1702-1803, only admitted sons of respectable middle-class families); Kremsmuenster (from 1744); and Innsbruck (Collegium nobilium, from 1775). Joseph II abolished all denominational boarding schools for the nobility. Only the Theresianum and the Innsbrucker Anstalt (1830-1848) were reopened after his death.