unbekannter Gast


Rust, town in the province of Burgenland, chartered city, alt. 123 m, pop. 1,696, area 20.01 km2, "the wine capital of Austria" is situated near the western shore of Lake Neusiedl; since 1975 Rust, together with Salzburg and Krems, has been a model city regarding the preservation of historical monuments. - Regional school board, Austrian Wine Academy (with vinotheque), lakeshore swimming area; Rust is well known in Austria for growing and selling its own wine (principally Qualitaetsweine, around 500 hectares of vineyards, as far back as the Middle Ages an important wine-growing area, in 1524 Rust was granted the privilege of branding its wine barrels with an "R"), summer tourism (139,606 overnight stays in 1992), production of reed mats. -Settlement going back to Roman times, first mentioned in a document in 1317 as "Ceel". In 1681 Rust was elevated to "royal free city"; until 1921 situated in Hungary. - Partially preserved fortifications with city walls and a powder magazine (1614); Romanesque-Gothic fishermen´s church containing the most significant medieval frescoes (Romanesque and Gothic) in Burgenland and a Gothic statue of the Virgin Mary (around 1450), early Baroque Catholic parish church (consecrated in 1651); Protestant parish church (1784/1785); Rust boasts houses with both village and city characteristics, often with decorative façades (Rathaus (town hall), Haus zum Auge Gottes, Nattl-Haus, Feiler-Haus, Seehof); stork nests (together with the WWF, Rust has established a stork protection programme); town hall (1673). Dam and canal which flows into the lake through the reed belt surrounding Lake Neusiedl.


O. Aull, Die Freistadt Rust am Neusiedler See, 1933; Oesterreichisches Staedtebuch vol. II, Burgenland, 1970; G. Roth-Fuchs, Rust. 300 Jahre Freistadt, 1981.