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Schwechat, Lower Austria, town in the district of Wien-Umgebung, alt. 163 m, pop. 14,669, area 44.74 km2, on the River Schwechat, southeast of Vienna; has close economic ties with the capital. - Local branch of the Wien-Umgebung district commission, district court, employment services, chamber of labour, economic chamber, district chamber of agriculture, regional health and social insurance agency (cash office), legal training school, Bundesgymnasium and Bundesrealgymnasium secondary schools, adult education centre, Schwechat cultural centre, Nestroy plays and other events at Rothmuehle Palace, sports complex, Koernerhalle multi-purpose hall, road maintenance department; Vienna Airport 5 km east of Schwechat with Air Traffic Control Service of the Federal Office of Civil Aviation and customs office; 16,674 people employed (1991), most of whom in the sectors transport, ( Airports, forwarding agencies, freight transport), processing trade and industry: OMV oil refinery (8.8 million tonnes refined in 1993, including the production of semi-finished goods), food industry (brewery, established in 1632, mill), chemical industry (welding gases) and plastics, iron and steel processing industry (cable producers, ski bindings, steel construction). Declared a town in 1922. - "Ala Nova" Roman castle mentioned in the Itinerarium Antonini and Notitia Dignitatum, Roman coin finds at Altkettenhof and Mannswoerth (today in the Lower Austrian Provincial Museum); parish church with Romanesque core, altered in Baroque style by J. N. Ehbruster in 1764, severely damaged by bombs in 1945, Rococo interior and altarpiece by M. J. Schmidt; filial church, built as a Capuchin church at the end of the 17th century; "Rothmuehle" and "Thurnmuehle" Palaces, both from the 18th century, as well as "Neumuehle" Palace; cross-shaped plague monument (1669). In Rannersdorf, (cadastral district) Wallhof Palace, manorial estate from 1662, Baroque chapel (around 1700) and hunting lodge (middle of the 18th century).


J. Ableidinger, Geschichte von Schwechat, 1929; Stadtgemeinde Schwechat (ed.), 50 Jahre Stadt Schwechat, 1972; Oesterreichisches Staedtebuch vol. IV, part 3, Die Staedte Niederoesterr., 1982; Stadtgemeinde Schwechat (ed.), Schwechat, 1986; A. Ezsoel, 70 Jahre Stadt Schwechat, 1992.