Vaugoin, Carl, b. Vienna, July 8, 1873, d. Krems (Lower Austria), June 10, 1949, provincial civil servant, officer and politician (Christian Socialist). 1920-1933 member of the Nationalrat; 1921 and 1922-1933 Federal Minister of Military Affairs, in 1929-1930 Vice-Chancellor, Sept.-Dec. 1930 Federal Chancellor, 1933-1936 president of the federal railways; 1938-1945 persecuted. After 1922 led an embittered battle for political power in the army, reduced the influence of the Social Democrats to the advantage of his own party.
Literature#L. Jedlicka, Ein Heer im Schatten der Parteien, 1955; A. Staudinger, C. V. Bemuehungen um Suprematie der Christl.-Soz. in Oe. 1930-32, doctoral thesis, Vienna 1965; F. Weissensteiner and E. Weinzierl (eds.), Die oe. Bundeskanzler, 1983.