Vienna Symphony Orchestra (Wiener Symphoniker), concert orchestra of international fame. Founded under the name of Philharmonisches Orchester by C. Stix in 1899, renamed Concertvereinsorchester in 1900, later merged with the orchestra (founded in 1907) of the Wiener Tonkuenstler association; from 1921 called Wiener Sinfonie-Orchester, present name since 1933. It was the first Austrian orchestra that was independent from service as a theatre orchestra on October 30, 1900. The first conductor and organiser was F. Loewe, who conducted the inauguration concert. The first Workers' Symphony Concerts were held in 1905. The Vienna Symphonic Orchestra mainly plays the works of A. Bruckner, G. Mahler, R. Strauss and contemporary artists. It is represented by the Vienna Symphonic Orchestra Association and financed for the most part by the City of Vienna.