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Iran: Geography#

LocationMiddle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman, the Persian Gulf, and the Caspian Sea, between Iraq and Pakistan
Geographic Coordinates32 00 N, 53 00 E 32.0,53.0
Area total: 1,648,195 sq km
land: 1,531,595 sq km
water: 116,600 sq km
[Verified in 8 databases]
Land boundariestotal: 5,894 km
border countries: Afghanistan 921 km, Armenia 44 km, Azerbaijan 689 km, Iraq 1,599 km, Pakistan 959 km, Turkey 534 km, Turkmenistan 1,148 km
Coastline2,440 km; note - Iran also borders the Caspian Sea (740 km)
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Caspian Sea -28 m
highest point: Kuh-e Damavand 5,671 m
Highest MountainsDue to difference in mountain rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: DamavandDer höchste Berg IransKarl Gratzl et al.Weishaupt VerlagGnas2001 5670 m; Alam Kuh 4850 m; Sabalan 4811 m; Takhte Soleyman 4659 m; Mount Heram 4650 m
According to Geonames: Kuh-e Kalu Farangi 5642 m; Kuh-e DamavandDamavandDer höchste Berg IransKarl Gratzl et al.Weishaupt VerlagGnas2001 5628 m; Kuh-e Zelzeleh Khiz 5150 m; Kuh-e Alborz 5025 m; Kuh-e ‘Alam 4822 m

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Mountains
Terrainrugged, mountainous rim; high, central basin with deserts, mountains; small, discontinuous plains along both coasts
Natural Hazardsperiodic droughts, floods; dust storms, sandstorms; earthquakes
Natural Resourcepetroleum, natural gas, coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, zinc, sulfur
Land Usearable land: 10.05%
permanent crops: 1.08%
other: 88.86% (2011)
Climatemostly arid or semiarid, subtropical along Caspian coast
Irrigated Land87,000 sq km (2009)
Renewable Water Resources137 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssuesair pollution, especially in urban areas, from vehicle emissions, refinery operations, and industrial effluents; deforestation; overgrazing; desertification; oil pollution in the Persian Gulf; wetland losses from drought; soil degradation (salination); inadequate supplies of potable water; water pollution from raw sewage and industrial waste; urbanization
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation
Large CitiesTehran; Mashhad; Isfahan; Karaj; Tabriz
Important Cities
Geography-notestrategic location on the Persian Gulf and Strait of Hormuz, which are vital maritime pathways for crude oil transport