unbekannter Gast

Timor-Leste: People & Society#

Population1,261,072 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Timorese
adjective: Timorese
Ethnic groupsAustronesian (Malayo-Polynesian), Papuan, small Chinese minority
LanguagesTetum (official), Portuguese (official), Indonesian, English
note: there are about 16 indigenous languages; Tetum, Galole, Mambae, and Kemak are spoken by a significant portion of the population
ReligionsRoman Catholic 96.9%, Protestant/Evangelical 2.2%, Muslim 0.3%, other 0.6% (2005)
Age structure0-14 years: 41.43% (male 268,578/female 253,897)
15-24 years: 20.11% (male 128,678/female 124,870)
25-54 years: 29.79% (male 180,750/female 194,916)
55-64 years: 4.88% (male 31,349/female 30,194)
65 years and over: 3.79% (male 22,852/female 24,988) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 92.3%
youth dependency ratio: 81.5%
elderly dependency ratio: 10.7%
potential support ratio: 9.3% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 18.8 years
male: 18.2 years
female: 19.4 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate2.39% (2016 est.)
Birth rate33.8 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate6 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-3.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 32.8% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 3.75% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationDILI (capital) 228,000 (2014)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.91 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth22.1
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2009/10 est.)
Maternal mortality rate215 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 36.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 39.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 33.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 68.1 years
male: 66.5 years
female: 69.7 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate4.9 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate22.3% (2009/10)
Health expenditures1.5% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.07 physicians/1,000 population (2011)
Hospital bed density5.9 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 95.2% of population
rural: 60.5% of population
total: 71.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 4.8% of population
rural: 39.5% of population
total: 28.1% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 69% of population
rural: 26.8% of population
total: 40.6% of population
unimproved:
urban: 31% of population
rural: 73.2% of population
total: 59.4% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria (2016)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate1.8% (2014)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight37.7% (2013)
Education expenditures7.9% of GDP (2014)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 67.5%
male: 71.5%
female: 63.4% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 13 years
male: 14 years
female: 13 years (2010)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 10,510
percentage: 4% (2002 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 14.8%
male: 10.4%
female: 22.7% (2010 est.)