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Austria: People & Society#

Population8,711,770 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Austrian(s)
adjective: Austrian
Ethnic groupsAustrians 91.1%, former Yugoslavs 4% (includes Croatians, Slovenes, Serbs, and Bosniaks), Turks 1.6%, Germans 0.9%, other or unspecified 2.4% (2001 census)
LanguagesGerman (official nationwide) 88.6%, Turkish 2.3%, Serbian 2.2%, Croatian (official in Burgenland) 1.6%, other (includes Slovene, official in South Carinthia, and Hungarian, official in Burgenland) 5.3% (2001 est.)
ReligionsCatholic 73.8% (includes Roman Catholic 73.6%, other Catholic 0.2%), Protestant 4.9%, Muslim 4.2%, Orthodox 2.2%, other 0.8% (includes other Christian), none 12%, unspecified 2% (2001 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 14.02% (male 625,391/female 596,310)
15-24 years: 11.33% (male 503,333/female 483,748)
25-54 years: 42.71% (male 1,859,985/female 1,860,641)
55-64 years: 12.85% (male 554,191/female 565,189)
65 years and over: 19.09% (male 719,012/female 943,970) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 49.2%
youth dependency ratio: 21.2%
elderly dependency ratio: 28%
potential support ratio: 3.6% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 43.8 years
male: 42.7 years
female: 44.9 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate0.51% (2016 est.)
Birth rate9.5 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate9.5 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate5.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Population distributionthe northern and eastern portions of the country are more densely populated; nearly two-thirds of the populace lives in urban areas
Urbanizationurban population: 66% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 0.4% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationVIENNA (capital) 1.753 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth28.5 (2011 est.)
Maternal mortality rate4 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 3.4 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 81.5 years
male: 78.9 years
female: 84.3 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.47 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate69.6%
note: percent of women aged 18-46 (2008/09)
Health expenditures11.2% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density4.83 physicians/1,000 population (2011)
Hospital bed density7.6 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Obesity - adult prevalence rate20.1% (2014)
Education expenditures5.6% of GDP (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 16 years
male: 16 years
female: 16 years (2014)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 10.3%
male: 10.6%
female: 9.9% (2014 est.)