unbekannter Gast

Estonia: People & Society#

Population1,258,545 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Estonian(s)
adjective: Estonian
Ethnic groupsEstonian 68.7%, Russian 24.8%, Ukrainian 1.7%, Belarusian 1%, Finn 0.6%, other 1.6%, unspecified 1.6% (2011 est.)
LanguagesEstonian (official) 68.5%, Russian 29.6%, Ukrainian 0.6%, other 1.2%, unspecified 0.1% (2011 est.)
ReligionsLutheran 9.9%, Orthodox 16.2%, other Christian (including Methodist, Seventh-Day Adventist, Roman Catholic, Pentecostal) 2.2%, other 0.9%, none 54.1%, unspecified 16.7% (2011 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 16.12% (male 104,011/female 98,809)
15-24 years: 9.3% (male 60,714/female 56,291)
25-54 years: 41.64% (male 263,762/female 260,334)
55-64 years: 13.47% (male 76,063/female 93,479)
65 years and over: 19.47% (male 82,968/female 162,114) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 53.5%
youth dependency ratio: 24.7%
elderly dependency ratio: 28.8%
potential support ratio: 3.5% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 42.4 years
male: 39 years
female: 45.8 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate-0.54% (2016 est.)
Birth rate10.3 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate12.5 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-3.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Population distributiona fairly even distribution throughout most of the country, with urban areas attracting larger and denser populations
Urbanizationurban population: 67.5% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: -0.45% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationTALLINN (capital) 391,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.81 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.51 male(s)/female
total population: 0.88 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth26.5 (2013 est.)
Maternal mortality rate9 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 3.8 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 76.7 years
male: 71.9 years
female: 81.7 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.6 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate63.4%
note: percent of women aged 18-49 (2004/05)
Health expenditures6.4% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density3.24 physicians/1,000 population (2012)
Hospital bed density5.3 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 99% of population
total: 99.6% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 1% of population
total: 0.4% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 97.5% of population
rural: 96.6% of population
total: 97.2% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2.5% of population
rural: 3.4% of population
total: 2.8% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate1.3% (2013 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS8,600 (2013 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
vectorborne diseases: tickborne encephalitis (2016)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate24.5% (2014)
Education expenditures4.8% of GDP (2013)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.8%
male: 99.8%
female: 99.8% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 17 years
male: 16 years
female: 17 years (2013)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 15%
male: 19.3%
female: 10% (2014 est.)