unbekannter Gast

Germany: People & Society#

Population80,722,792 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: German(s)
adjective: German
Ethnic groupsGerman 91.5%, Turkish 2.4%, other 6.1% (made up largely of Greek, Italian, Polish, Russian, Serbo-Croatian, Spanish)
LanguagesGerman (official)
note: Danish, Frisian, Sorbian, and Romany are official minority languages; Low German, Danish, North Frisian, Sater Frisian, Lower Sorbian, Upper Sorbian, and Romany are recognized as regional languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages
ReligionsProtestant 34%, Roman Catholic 34%, Muslim 3.7%, unaffiliated or other 28.3%
Age structure0-14 years: 12.83% (male 5,317,183/female 5,040,664)
15-24 years: 10.22% (male 4,203,985/female 4,044,789)
25-54 years: 40.96% (male 16,721,667/female 16,345,911)
55-64 years: 14.23% (male 5,695,117/female 5,788,493)
65 years and over: 21.76% (male 7,709,799/female 9,855,184) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 51.8%
youth dependency ratio: 19.6%
elderly dependency ratio: 32.2%
potential support ratio: 3.1% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 46.8 years
male: 45.7 years
female: 47.9 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate-0.16% (2016 est.)
Birth rate8.5 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate11.6 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate1.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Population distributionmost populous country in Europe; a fairly even distribution throughout most of the country, with urban areas attracting larger and denser populations, particularly in the far western part of the industrial state of North Rhine-Westphalia
Urbanizationurban population: 75.3% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 0.16% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationBERLIN (capital) 3.563 million; Hamburg 1.831 million; Munich 1.438 million; Cologne 1.037 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth29.2 (2012 est.)
Maternal mortality rate6 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 3.4 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 80.7 years
male: 78.4 years
female: 83.1 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.44 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate66.2%
note: percent of women aged 18-49 (2005)
Health expenditures11.3% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density3.89 physicians/1,000 population (2012)
Hospital bed density8.2 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 99.3% of population
rural: 99% of population
total: 99.2% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.7% of population
rural: 1% of population
total: 0.8% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.15% (2013 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS77,500 (2013 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths400 (2013 est.)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate22.7% (2014)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight1.1% (2006)
Education expenditures4.9% of GDP (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 17 years
male: 17 years
female: 17 years (2014)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 7.7%
male: 8.3%
female: 7.1% (2014 est.)