b. Graz (Styria), Dec. 26, 1847, d. Graz (Styria), Dec. 9, 1915, criminal court judge, then university professor in Prague and Graz, founder of modern criminology. Central figure of the "Graz School" of criminology; founded the Department of Criminology at the University of Graz and Museum of Criminology in Graz. Author of pioneering works in the fight against crime, founder of the "Archives for Criminology".
Works#Handbuch fuer Untersuchungsrichter, 1893; Kriminalpsychologie, 1898; Encyklopaedie fuer Kriminalistik, 1900.
Literature#H. Gross and F. Geerds, Handbuch der Kriminalistik, 1978.