Hollabrunn, Lower Austria, town in the district of Hollabrunn, alt. 236 m, pop. 10,461, area 152.31 km2, centre of administration, education, traffic and economy of the western Waldviertel region, numerous schools, situated on the Goellersbach stream. - District commission, district court, local tax office, employment services, surveying office, local Chamber of Farmers, Chamber of Labour, Economic Chamber, Lower Austrian Chamber of Agricultural and Allied Workers, local health and social insurance office, Federal winery inspectorate (branch office), agricultural district authority, environment protection agency, village revitalisation association, provincial hunting association, residential home for young people run by a female religious order, relief centre, counselling centre of the psycho-social services, hospital, Sonnberg prison, public workshop, municipal waterworks, sports hall, Weinlandmesse wine fair (every August), spring market (every March); schools: Bundesgymnasium and Bundesrealgymnasium secondary schools, Gymnasium school of the Archdiocese of Vienna, vocational school, Hoehere Bundeslehranstalt (college), commercial college, technical college, technical college for food technology, nursing school, federal pedagogical institute for Lower Austria, agricultural training college. High-level service sector (about 71 % of all 4,426 employees 1991, in particular personal, social and public services, commerce); manufacturing: wood-working industry (sawmill, parquetry), potato products, pump factory, large book-binding company; some tourism (20,977 overnight stays), viniculture (in the surrounding area) and wine trade are particularly important. First documented mention 1135 as "Holerbrunen", granted town status in 1908; parish church (Romanesque core, Gothic construction 14th century, Baroque alterations in the 2nd half of the 17th century); old mill (17th century, now town museum); Aspersdorf parish church (built 1730 by J. L. v. Hildebrandt); modern subsidiary church (1970-72); column dedicated to the Virgin Mary (1681).
Literature#C. Kladischofsky, Studien zur Ortsgeschichte von Hollabrunn, doctoral thesis, Vienna 1971; Oesterr. Staedtebuch, vol. IV, part 2, Die Staedte Niederoesterreichs, 1976; A. Kny-Eder, Aus meiner Heimat Hollabrunn, 1983.