Rothschild, most influential family of bankers in Europe during the 19th century, originally from Frankfurt am Main. They were made members of the nobility in 1816 and were represented in Austria by a branch of the family which included the following personalities: Baron Salomon Meyer von Rothschild, Baron Anselm Salomon von Rothschild, Baron Albert Salomon Anselm von Rothschild, Baron Nathaniel Meyer von Rothschild und Baron Louis Nathaniel von Rothschild.
In addition to banks, the R. family also owned insurance companies, coal and mercury mines, heavy industries and building companies. The Rothschilds were also famous patrons of the arts; they built the R. palace in the fourth district of Vienna and the R. hospital in the 18th district. Both were destroyed during World War II (today the palace houses the Chamber of Labour; the former hospital the Institute for Economic Development of the Vienna Chamber of Commerce)
Literature#E. C. Conte Corti, Der Aufstieg des Hauses R., 1953; G. Heuberger (ed.), Die R., 1994.