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Bahrain: People & Society#

Population1,378,904 (July 2016 est.)
note: immigrants make up approximately 50% of the total population, according to UN data (2015)
Nationalitynoun: Bahraini(s)
adjective: Bahraini
Ethnic groupsBahraini 46%, Asian 45.5%, other Arab 4.7%, African 1.6%, European 1%, other 1.2% (includes Gulf Co-operative country nationals, North and South Americans, and Oceanians) (2010 est.)
LanguagesArabic (official), English, Farsi, Urdu
ReligionsMuslim 70.3%, Christian 14.5%, Hindu 9.8%, Buddhist 2.5%, Jewish 0.6%, folk religion

Age structure0-14 years: 19.27% (male 134,899/female 130,792)
15-24 years: 15.76% (male 122,683/female 94,627)
25-54 years: 56.07% (male 505,181/female 268,034)
55-64 years: 6.05% (male 53,693/female 29,717)
65 years and over: 2.85% (male 19,253/female 20,025) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 31.4%
youth dependency ratio: 28.2%
elderly dependency ratio: 3.2%
potential support ratio: 31.6% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 32.1 years
male: 33.5 years
female: 29.3 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate2.33% (2016 est.)
Birth rate13.5 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate2.7 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate12.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Population distributionsmallest population of the Gulf States, but urbanization rate exceeds 90%; largest settlement concentration is found on the far northern end of the island in and around Manamah and Al Muharraq
Urbanizationurban population: 88.8% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 1.71% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationMANAMA (capital) 411,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.3 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.88 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.81 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.95 male(s)/female
total population: 1.54 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Maternal mortality rate15 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 9.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 10.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 8.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 78.9 years
male: 76.7 years
female: 81.1 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.77 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Health expenditures5% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.92 physicians/1,000 population (2012)
Hospital bed density2.1 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 99.2% of population
rural: 99.2% of population
total: 99.2% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.8% of population
rural: 0.8% of population
total: 0.8% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Obesity - adult prevalence rate34.1% (2014)
Education expenditures2.6% of GDP (2012)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 95.7%
male: 96.9%
female: 93.5% (2015 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 5.3%
male: 2.6%
female: 12.2% (2012 est.)