Steet to Palmyra#Palmyra, Syria, Damascus, Syria, Euphrates , Syria .
It had long been a vital caravan stop for travellers crossing the Syrian desert and was known as the Bride of the Desert.
The earliest documented reference to the city by its Semitic name Tadmor, Tadmur or Tudmur (meaning"the town that repels" in Amorite and "the indomitable town" in Aramaic) is recorded in Babylonian tablets found in Mari.
Though the ancient site fell into disuse after the 16th century, it is still known as Tadmor in Arabic.
There is a newer town of the same name next to the ruins.
The Palmyrenes constructed a series of large-scale monuments containing e.g. limestone slabs with human shapess representing the deceased.