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Paraguay: People & Society#

Population6,703,860 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate1.19% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 26.2% (male 892,315/female 861,915)
15-24 years: 20.5% (male 691,365/female 683,653)
25-54 years: 39.5% (male 1,326,281/female 1,323,194)
55-64 years: 6.6% (male 246,869/female 236,564)
65 years and over: 6.4% (male 206,089/female 235,615) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.87 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate16.66 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate4.64 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsmestizo (mixed Spanish and Amerindian) 95%, other 5%
Infant mortality ratetotal: 20.75 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 24.39 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 16.93 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesSpanish (official), Guarani (official)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 76.8 years
male: 74.16 years
female: 79.56 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 93.9%
male: 94.8%
female: 92.9% (2010 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Paraguayan(s)
adjective: Paraguayan
Net migration rate-0.08 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 89.6%, Protestant 6.2%, other Christian 1.1%, other or unspecified 1.9%, none 1.1% (2002 census)
Total fertility rate1.96 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.3% (2012)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS13,100 (2012)
HIV/AIDS - deaths300 (2012)
Median agetotal: 26.8 years
male: 26.6 years
female: 27 years (2014 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: dengue fever (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 13 years
male: 12 years
female: 13 years (2011)
Education expenditures4.8% of GDP (2011)
Urbanizationurban population: 61% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 2.5% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 99.4% of population
rural: 66% of population
total: 86.5% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.6% of population
rural: 34% of population
total: 13.5% of population (2010 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 89.9% of population
rural: 40.5% of population
total: 70.8% of population
unimproved: urban: 10.1% of population
rural: 59.5% of population
total: 29.2% of population (2010 est.)
Major urban areas - populationASUNCION (capital) 1.977 million (2009)
Maternal mortality rate99 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight3.4% (2005)
Health expenditures9.7% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density1.11 physicians/1,000 population (2002)
Hospital bed density1.3 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate17.9% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 11.2%
male: 9%
female: 14.6% (2012)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 205,297
percentage: 15 % (2004 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth22.9
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2008 est.)
Demographic profileParaguay falls below the Latin American average in several socioeconomic categories, including immunization rates, potable water, sanitation, and secondary school enrollment, and has greater rates of income inequality and child and maternal mortality. Paraguay's poverty rate has declined in recent years but remains high, especially in rural areas, with more than a third of the population below the poverty line. However, the well-being of the poor in many regions has improved in terms of housing quality and access to clean water, telephone service, and electricity. The fertility rate continues to drop, declining sharply from an average 4.3 births per woman in the late 1990s to about 2 in 2013, as a result of the greater educational attainment of women, increased use of contraception, and a desire for smaller families among young women.
Paraguay is a country of emigration; it has not attracted large numbers of immigrants because of political instability, civil wars, years of dictatorship, and the greater appeal of neighboring countries. Paraguay first tried to encourage immigration in 1870 in order to rebound from the heavy death toll it suffered during the War of the Triple Alliance, but it received few European and Middle Eastern immigrants. In the 20th century, limited numbers of immigrants arrived from Lebanon, Japan, South Korea, and China, as well as Mennonites from Canada, Russia, and Mexico. Large flows of Brazilian immigrants have been arriving since the 1960s, mainly to work in agriculture. Paraguayans continue to emigrate to Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, the United States, Italy, Spain, and France.
Contraceptive prevalence rate79.4%
note: percent of women aged 15-44 (2008)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 61 %
youth dependency ratio: 52.2 %
elderly dependency ratio: 8.8 %
potential support ratio: 11.4 (2013)